Interview t.b.v. artikel ‘Buma koestert conservatisme’

Bron: European People’s Party – EPP Dublin Congress, 2014, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31654267

Het Reformatorisch Dagblad publiceert vandaag (zaterdag 17 juni 2017) op de voorpagina bovengenoemd artikel van Gerard Vroegindeweij, dat als volgt opent:

‘Het CDA positioneert zich rechts van de VVD, stelt CDA-prominent en oud-informateur Herman Wijffels. Wil het CDA inderdaad eenzelfde positie als zusterpartij CDU in Duitsland; dus rechts van de liberalen? Kenners gaan deels mee met deze waarneming van Wijffels.’

Het artikel bevat onder meer de volgende passage, waarin ik zelf aan het woord kom:

‘Gaat het CDA inderdaad richting de Duitse CDU en wil de partij de VVD rechts passeren? Hans Martien ten Napel, universitair hoofddocent staats- en bestuursrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden, denkt van wel. Volgens hem bevindt „zich de natuurlijke positie van het CDA aan de rechterkant van het politieke spectrum. Het sociaal-pluralistische gedachtegoed waarop de christendemocratie is gestoeld, vertoont onmiskenbaar verwantschap met de politieke stroming van het conservatisme. Noch de sociale leer van de Rooms-Katholieke Kerk, noch het antirevolutionair of christelijk-historisch denken kan als vollédig conservatief worden aangemerkt. Maar je merkt wel dat Buma het conservatisme koestert.”

In de beginperiode van het CDA keken christendemocraten met enige minachting naar de oosterburen en de behoudende koers die de CDU voerde. Met rechts en conservatisme wilden de Nederlandse CDA’ers niets te maken hebben. Ten Napel: „Het schrikbeeld dat christendemocraten ten tijde van de totstandkoming van het CDA van de Duitse CDU schetsten, wekt achteraf echter de nodige verwondering.”

In de jaren negentig schreven journalisten en wetenschappers het CDA af. De christendemocratie zou verdwijnen. Waarom hadden zij het mis?

„Het lijkt mij te vroeg om te concluderen dat deze journalisten en wetenschappers het mis hadden. In een postseculiere tijd ontstaat er op zichzelf weer meer ruimte voor de verbinding tussen levensbeschouwing en politiek. Bij de jongste Tweede Kamerverkiezingen boekte het CDA ook daadwerkelijk een bescheiden winst, maar negentien zetels blijft voor de christendemocratie wel het op een na slechtste resultaat uit de parlementaire geschiedenis.”

Is een rechtsere koers dé manier om politiek te overleven en ook niet-kerkelijke kiezers aan de partij te binden?

„Als er meer niet-kerkelijke kiezers komen, is een rechtsere koers niet de enige manier om hen aan de partij te binden. Deze niet-kerkelijke kiezers bevinden zich immers in het gehele politieke spectrum. Een rechtsere koers is wél een manier om ook andere, niet-christelijke, conservatieve kiezers te bereiken. Gelet op het teruglopende aantal christelijke kiezers is het van belang om de brug naar een algemener conservatisme te slaan. Dat moet relatief gemakkelijk kunnen doordat conservatisme in Nederland minder dan voorheen als taboe geldt.”

Waar zag u een omslag?

„Uit een eerder onderzoek dat ik verrichtte naar de programmatische ontwikkeling van het CDA tot 2010 kwam zeker wat betreft het integratiebeleid de eeuwwisseling als omslagpunt naar voren. Maar als ik met een nog ruimer historisch perspectief kijk, dan kun je je afvragen in hoeverre er eigenlijk gesproken kan worden van een omslag.”’

Lees hier het hele artikel, waarin o.a. ook oud-minister Hillen en Pieter Jan Dijkman, de nieuwe directeur van het Wetenschappelijk Instituut voor het CDA, aan het woord komen:

Buma koestert conservatisme.

Zie ook:

Bijdrage over ‘Verrechtsing van het CDA’ t.b.v. De Hofvijver (Montesquieu Instituut).

Bernie Sanders, Tim Farron, and the regime change which has taken place within liberalism

In my new book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human (Routledge, 2017), I note how partly under the influence of the social and cultural revolution of the 1960s, liberalism has arguably developed from a means of managing diversity in the direction of an ideological agenda of its own. Illustrative of this development is that for certain scholars it has now become a question mark if, and to what extent, religion should be tolerated at all within a liberal democracy.

For more information on the book, go here:

Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human.

See also:

Press Release: ‘Hans-Martien ten Napel has book published “Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human”’.

 

 

Workshop Law and Religion

Date
26 June 2017
Time
10:00 – 12:00  hrs.
Address
Kamerlingh Onnes Building
Steenschuur 25
2311 ES Leiden
Room
A014

On June 26th, a small workshop on comparative law & religion will take place with Dr. Jaclyn Neo (National University of Singapore, Law School). Jaclyn is a very well-published scholar in the field of comparative public law and human rights, particularly in the field of law and religion (see bio below). She studied at Yale Law School (LLM, JSD) and she is an Assistant Professor of Public Law at the National University of Singapore. She is an innovative thinker and a wonderful speaker. On June 26, Jaclyn will present one of her most recent papers and engage with  her audience’s questions. Hans-Martien Ten Napel will act as discussant and Sofia Fernandes Da Silva Ranchordás will chair the workshop. Both colleagues and students are welcome!

You can register for the workshop by sending an email to Sofia, preferably by June 10. Should you be interested in presenting a recent paper, pitching your PhD research or discussing a new research idea on law and religion or freedom of expression so as to receive some feedback from an expert in this field, please let Sofia know. Due to time constraints, only 2-3 additional presentations can be accepted.

Source: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/events/2017/06/workshop-law-and-religion.

See also:

International Conference on “The Rule of Law with Chinese Characteristics in Transition”;

Blogpost ‘Religious Freedom, Eastern Ethical Monism, and Western “Civic Totalism”‘.

Book Recommendations (I): Nicholas Wolterstorff, Understanding Liberal Democracy (2012)

About the book:

Understanding Liberal Democracy presents notable work by Nicholas Wolterstorff at the intersection between political philosophy and religion. Alongside his influential earlier essays, it includes nine new essays in which Wolterstorff develops original lines of argument and stakes out novel positions regarding the nature of liberal democracy, human rights, and political authority. Taken together, these positions are an attractive alternative to the so-called public reason liberalism defended by thinkers such as John Rawls. The volume will be of interest to philosophers, political theorists, and theologians, engaging a wide audience of those interested in how best to understand the nature of liberal democracy and its relation to religion.’

About the author:

‘Nicholas Wolterstorff is Noah Porter Professor Emeritus of Philosophical Theology, Yale University. Currently he is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, at the University of Virginia. He has been President of the American Philosophical Association, and of the Society of Christian Philosophers; he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among the lectures he has given are the Wilde Lectures at Oxford University, the Gifford Lectures at St Andrews University, and the Stone Lectures at Princeton Seminary. He has published over twenty books including On Universals, Works and Worlds of Art, Art in Action, Until Justice and Peace Embrace, Reason within the Bounds of Religion, Divine Discourse, John Locke and the Ethics of Belief, Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology, Educating for Shalom, Lament for a Son, Justice: Rights and Wrongs and Justice in Love.’

Source, and more information: Wolterstorff, Understanding Liberal Democracy. Essays in Political Philosophy.

As I write in the introduction to my new book, Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human (Routledge, 2017), I have found that some of the most worthwhile books on liberal democracy which have been published in recent years, have been authored, for example, by ethicists and philosophers. You can read part of the introduction to my book here.

As I demonstrate in the third chapter of Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human, Wolterstorff’s Understanding Liberal Democracy is a major example of such a worthwhile book.

See also Twelve posts introducing my new book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human

Twelve posts introducing my new book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human

For the posts, please see:

Article ‘This Map Of The State Of Religious Freedom Around The World Is Chilling’

Article ‘Princeton Seminary Reforms Its Views on Honoring Tim Keller’

Yale Law Professor: ‘American courts are tackling Islamophobia – why won’t Europeans?’

Waarom de PVV niet het initiatief in de kabinetsformatie moet krijgen

New Book: ‘The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation’ (2017)

R.R. Reno on ‘Islam and America’

Michael Wear’s Reclaiming Hope (2017): ‘Learn How the Seeds of the Trump Presidency Were Sown in the Obama White House’

Major New Report by the National Secular Society: Rethinking Religion and Belief in Public Life

Symposium on Christian Democracy and America: ‘Can Christian Democracy Be America’s Next European Import?’

Journalist Ben Judah, Author of This is London (2016): ‘I Found Faith Everywhere’

The Washington Post on Why Religious Freedom Could Become the Major Religion Story of 2017

Book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human (Routledge) now available for pre-order

Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human now also available as eBook

See:

eBook (VitalSource)

Kindle (Amazon)

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. In Medias Res: Communal Religious Freedom under Pressure

2. Social Pluralist Constitutionalism

3. Pluriform Democracy

4. A Generous Conception of Religious Freedom

Conclusion: “A Horizon of Beauty”

Press Release: ‘Hans-Martien ten Napel has book published “Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human”’

’18 May 2017

In 2014 Hans-Martien ten Napel received a Research Fellowship in Legal Studies at the Center of Theological Inquiry in Princeton, NJ. The book he wrote as a result of this fellowship was published last week by Routledge Law.

The description of the book, entitled Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human, is as follows:

‘In both Europe and North America it can be argued that the associational and institutional dimensions of the right to freedom of religion or belief are increasingly coming under pressure. This book demonstrates why a more classical understanding of the idea of a liberal democracy can allow for greater respect for the right to freedom of religion or belief.

The book examines the major direction in which liberal democracy has developed over the last fifty years and contends that this is not the most legitimate type of liberal democracy for religiously divided societies. Drawing on theoretical developments in the field of transnational constitutionalism, Hans-Martien ten Napel argues that redirecting the concept and practice of liberal democracy toward the more classical notion of limited, constitutional government, with a considerable degree of autonomy for civil society organizations would allow greater religious pluralism. The book shows how, in a postsecular and multicultural context, modern sources of constitutionalism and democracy, supplemented by premodern, transcendental legitimation, continue to provide the best means of legitimating Western constitutional and political orders.’

Research Fellowship in Legal Studies Hans Martien ten Napel

More information about the book

Interview in 2015 with Hans-Martien ten Napel about the research project

Source: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2017/05/hans-martien-ten-napel-published-book-constitutionalism-democracy-and-religious-freedom.-to-be-fully-human

For the Dutch version of the press release, please see: Hans-Martien ten Napel publiceert boek “Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human”

Book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human now published

About the book:

‘In both Europe and North America it can be argued that the associational and institutional dimensions of the right to freedom of religion or belief are increasingly coming under pressure. This book demonstrates why a more classical understanding of the idea of a liberal democracy can allow for greater respect for the right to freedom of religion or belief.

The book examines the major direction in which liberal democracy has developed over the last fifty years and contends that this is not the most legitimate type of liberal democracy for religiously divided societies. Drawing on theoretical developments in the field of transnational constitutionalism, Hans-Martien ten Napel argues that redirecting the concept and practice of liberal democracy toward the more classical notion of limited, constitutional government, with a considerable degree of autonomy for civil society organizations would allow greater religious pluralism. The book shows how, in a postsecular and multicultural context, modern sources of constitutionalism and democracy, supplemented by premodern, transcendental legitimation, continue to provide the best means of legitimating Western constitutional and political orders.’

For the source, and more information also on how to order the book, see: Routledge.com or Amazon.com.

See also: Interview on project on ‘Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom’.

Expertisecentrum Politieke Legitimiteit

‘Het Expertisecentrum Politieke Legitimiteit is per 2017 in het leven geroepen om het aanbod van onderzoeksthema’s en -vaardigheden van wetenschappers uit Leiden en Den Haag beter te laten aansluiten bij de vraag vanuit overheden, maatschappelijke instanties en bedrijven. Het centrum biedt bemiddeling en begeleiding bij het uitvoeren van vraaggestuurd (contract)onderzoek naar politieke legitimiteit in theorie en praktijk, in binnen- en buitenland.

De Universiteit Leiden heeft op vier faculteiten (waarvan drie in Leiden en één in Den Haag) een indrukwekkende expertise in huis op het gebied van ‘politieke legitimiteit’. Onze onderzoekers houden zich bijvoorbeeld bezig met internationale conflictoplossing, de positie van veiligheidsdiensten, democratische vernieuwing, de toekomst van politieke partijen, de legitimiteit van de rechterlijke macht, enzovoort.

Deze onderzoekers zijn sinds 2010 samengebracht binnen het profileringsgebied Politieke Legitimiteit, waarin de Universiteit Leiden hen heeft gestimuleerd om vernieuwend, vaak multi- en interdisciplinair onderzoek te doen. Het actieve netwerk dat hiervan het resultaat is, en dat zich over de vier faculteiten uitstrekt, heeft per 2017 een expertisecentrum voortgebracht.

Het Expertisecentrum

Het Expertisecentrum Politieke Legitimiteit heeft als doel om de maatschappelijke vraag naar wetenschappelijk onderzoek in kaart te brengen en actief vraaggericht onderzoek op te zetten, in samenwerking met enerzijds de onderzoekers en anderzijds maatschappelijke en overheidsinstanties die behoefte hebben aan nieuw onderzoek naar (onderwerpen gelieerd aan) politieke legitimiteit. Het expertisecentrum bemiddelt in het opstellen van aanvragen en onderzoeksopdrachten om de samenwerking tussen opdrachtgever en uitvoerende onderzoeker(s) te vergemakkelijken. De coördinatie van het centrum is in handen van prof. dr. Wim Voermans (Staats- en Bestuursrecht) en dr. Geerten Waling (Politieke Wetenschap).

Meer informatie

Download onze brochure (pdf) voor een uitgebreide toelichting en voorbeelden. Voor meer informatie: g.h.waling@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.’

Bron: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/research-focus-areas/politieke-legitimiteit/expertisecentrum-politieke-legitimiteit.

Article ‘This Map Of The State Of Religious Freedom Around The World Is Chilling’

From the article:

‘In many countries around the world, it remains difficult for people of all religions to practice their faith freely. And in others, it’s getting harder.

A Pew Research Center report released Tuesday shows that the number of countries with high levels of religious restrictions ― either from the government or from hostile individuals or groups ― grew overall from 34 percent in 2014 to 40 percent in 2015, the latest year for which data is available. (…)

Consistent with previous years, the Middle East-North Africa region had the largest percentage of governments that harassed and used force against religious groups (95 percent). European countries came in second, at 89 percent. Europe also experienced the largest increase in government harassment (rising from 17 countries in 2014 to 27 countries in 2015) and use of force against religious groups (going from 15 countries in 2014 to 24 countries in 2015). In particular, Pew pointed to France for cases where individuals were punished for wearing face coverings in public spaces and Russia for prosecuting groups for publicly exercising their religion.’

Read the whole article by Carol Kuruvilla here: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/pew-global-religious-restrictions_us_58ed070be4b0ca64d919ab12.

In my forthcoming book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human I write that before I left for Princeton I already had the sense that, as the then United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief Heiner Bielefeld noted in 2012, religious freedom was globally becoming ‘a human right under pressure’. Political scientist Allen D. Hertzke, the editor of a recent volume on the future of the right to freedom of religion or belief, speaks about ‘a profound paradox of our age’, in the sense that ‘at the very time that the value of religious freedom is mounting, the international consensus behind it is weakening (…). Indeed we see not only widespread violations around the world, but looming threats in the West that jeopardize previous gains’.

This is the twelfth post in a new series introducing my new book.

For the first eleven posts, please see:

Article ‘Princeton Seminary Reforms Its Views on Honoring Tim Keller’

Yale Law Professor: ‘American courts are tackling Islamophobia – why won’t Europeans?’

Waarom de PVV niet het initiatief in de kabinetsformatie moet krijgen

New Book: ‘The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation’ (2017)

R.R. Reno on ‘Islam and America’

Michael Wear’s Reclaiming Hope (2017): ‘Learn How the Seeds of the Trump Presidency Were Sown in the Obama White House’

Major New Report by the National Secular Society: Rethinking Religion and Belief in Public Life

Symposium on Christian Democracy and America: ‘Can Christian Democracy Be America’s Next European Import?’

Journalist Ben Judah, Author of This is London (2016): ‘I Found Faith Everywhere’

The Washington Post on Why Religious Freedom Could Become the Major Religion Story of 2017

Book on Constitutionalism, Democracy and Religious Freedom. To Be Fully Human (Routledge) now available for pre-order